E. Supp. Vol. 43

Cooperative Federalism and Visibility Protection Under the Clean Air Act

Abstract: In 2005, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued regulations pursuant to the Clean Air Act requiring states to submit plans to address visibility impairment due to air pollution. The regulations directed states to consider installing emissions controls at certain stationary sources according to five factors, including the cost of compliance. In Oklahoma v. […]

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When Is Whenever? EPA’s Retroactive Withdrawal Authority in Mingo Logan

Abstract: In 2007, the United States Army Corps of Engineers granted Mingo Logan Coal Co. a permit to discharge dredge and fill material into four West Virginia streams and their tributaries. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) did not file an objection despite concerns about the discharge’s environmental impacts. Two years later, EPA moved to […]

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Caveat Emptor: How the Public Trust Doctrine Impacts the Penn Central Test and a Beachfront Landowner’s “Bundle of Rights”

Abstract: Derived from ancient Justinian and English common law, the “public trust doctrine” vests ultimate and inalienable ownership of certain tracts of land in the state. Many states have incorporated some variation of the public trust doctrine into their statutes, constitutions, or common law. The application of the public trust doctrine, however, has been challenged […]

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Permitting Efficiency in Storm Water Effluent Compliance

Abstract: In Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc. v. County of Los Angeles, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit addressed the issue of National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit violations under the Clean Water Act. Environmental organizations brought suit against the County of Los Angeles and the Los Angeles County Flood Control […]

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Protecting the Delta Smelt: Environmental Organizations Have Standing to Enforce the Endangered Species Act’s Consultation Requirement

Abstract: In January 1993, the U.S. Fish & Wild Life Service (“FWS”) added the delta smelt, a small, silvery blue fish, to the Endangered Species Act’s (“ESA”) list of threatened wildlife. Species on the list are entitled to the ESA’s protections. In Natural Resource Defense Council v. Jewell, the Natural Resource Defense Council (“NRDC”) brought […]

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